By Azza Salama Layton
Within the interval following global conflict II, the government dedicated extra time and a focus to civil rights reform and laws than it had because the finish of Reconstruction in 1876. regardless of the awesome literature that analyzes the fashionable civil rights circulate, its connection to American international coverage in the course of and after the warfare continues to be mostly unexplored. concentrating on this hole, Professor Layton indicates that the progressive alterations in international politics created through the struggle additionally created new possibilities and strain issues for reforming U.S. race guidelines. The Holocaust, the dismantling of colonial empires, the chilly warfare, and the institution of the United international locations all contributed to a brand new receptivity to civil rights reform in either the administrative and judicial branches of the government. And, as Professor Layton describes, civil rights leaders quick well-known the possibilities provided through the recent foreign surroundings and have been capable of use them in exerting their very own strain to enact household coverage reforms.
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Additional resources for International Politics and Civil Rights Policies in the United States, 1941-1960
Cayton said the only difference between Hitler's plans for non-Aryans (were he to win the war) and the treatment of African Americans in the South was that Hitler was talking in future terms, while in the South the treatment was current practice. 37 He celebrated the fact that black Americans were identifying with non-white peoples throughout the world. Disillusioned and cynical about the possibilities of obtaining democratic rights by the process of education and goodwill, Cayton wrote that the American Negro now hopes that forces outside of the country will act as a lever to give him greater measure of freedom within the country.
Instructions to the French on how black Americans must be treated and why. In a 1918 document issued by the United States Army authorities in Paris titled "Secret Information Concerning Black American Troops," the French were told that they had to respect the unanimous opinion of white Americans on the "Negro question" and that the friendly and tolerant attitude of the French toward the Negro would deeply offend the Americans and would symbolize an attack on their national beliefs and arouse their fear that blacks would believe in equality.
B. DuBoistirelesslyexposed the contradictions of America's words and deeds until his death in 1963. It was DuBois who recognized the connection between the struggles of all colored people 36 International Politics and Civil Rights Policy in the United States and that of the African American. In 1900, he established and headed the Pan-African Congress in London. He subsequently organized a series of conferences all over Europe: Paris (1919), Paris and Brussels (1921), London, Paris, and Lisbon (1923), New York (1927), and Manchester, England (1945).